The Deusi Story – It Started From The Magar Army

Writes: Arjun Sharma

We all sing Deusurey today, but have you ever wondered since when we started to sing it… and what does it mean when we say, “Bali Ma Raj ko… Hukuma Hunda… Aayeko Deusey….”

According to one of the most renowned names in Nepali Lok Geet world, Mr Nabin Khadka of Sankhuwa Sabha (Arun Upatyaka)… the tradition of singing deusi started with the Magar Army…

Mr Khadka explained,

“The deusi tradition started with the Magar Army… see the Magars invented Madal, and they were the original exponents of two dance forms Maruni and Deusi naach…

Even though Marnuni dance was started in the western part of Nepal, it was in the east that it proliferated… the Magars adopted Maruni and mixed it with the eastern cultures, and developed the Sorathi dance… gradually these two dance forms spread across the Nepali world… so to them goes the credit of making Deusi popular among the masses…

As far as singing Deusi is concerned.. back in the day, from Rangit river in Darjeeling and Sikkim in the east to Arun nadi in the west, there was a Limbuwan kingdom… which was ruled by a very pious Yakthumba king Bali Hang… he spent most of his time in performing dharmic rituals… and his most trusted soldiers were Magars…

One day when the king was in the middle of his usual religious ceremonies, an enemy nation attacked… but it was thwarted by his loyal Magar soldiers… who after the enemies fled chanted “Deusurey Failo…. Deusurey Failo…”

In their language, Deusurey meant “We”… Failo meant “Saved” [the kingdom]…

Later when the king Bali Hang came to know about the attack and how his brave Magar soldiers had thwarted it, he ordered that every house in the kingdom be made aware of the incident…

So after the king Bali Hang ordered the army to tell the story of brave Magar soldiers who had thwarted the attack… the soldiers went from door to door sharing how they had saved the kingdom… and the practice continued at the same date every year…

Gradually the eastern culture spread all across the Nepali world… and even today boys and men go from door to door singing Deusurey in the name of the great king Bali Hang….

Thus we sing… “Hami aafai… aayeko hainau… Bali Ma Raja ko… Hukuma Hunda… Aayeko Deuse… We are not here of our own accord, we are here following the orders of Bali Raja…”

And thus started the Deusi practice…

लोकसंगीत अध्येतासँग देउसी संवादः मगर सेनाबाट सुरु भयो देउसी

साभार : अर्जुन शर्मा

संखुवासभाको अरुण उपत्यकाका नवीन खड्का नेपाली लोक संस्कृति र लोकसंगीत क्षेत्रमा गहिरो अध्ययन गरेका अध्येता हुन् । नेपाली लोकसंगीत संकलनमा छुट्टै स्थान बनाएका उनी नेपालमा मात्रै होइन भारतको दार्जिलिङ, सिक्किम देखि भुटानसम्म प्रख्यात छन् ।

नेपाली लोक संगीतको अध्ययनका लागि अरुण उपत्यका भन्ने संस्था नै खोलेर अभियान चलाइरहेका नवीन र उनको अभियानकी सहयात्री पुस्तका खड्कासँग देउसी भैलो बारे चक्रपथ डटकमका लागि बिनु पोखरेलले गरेको कुराकानीः

तिहारमा देउसी खेल्ने प्रचलन नेपालमा कहिलेबाट सुरु भएको हो ?

देउसी मगर जातिको संस्कृतिबाट सुरु भएको हो । देउसी खेल्ने चलन कसरी सुरु भयो भन्ने रोचक कथा छ । देउसीमा बजाइने मुख्य बाजा मादल हो जुन मगर जातिले आविश्कार गरेका थिए ।

मादलसँगै उनीहरुले दुईवटा पुख्र्यौली नाचको बिकास गरे । एउटा मारुनी र अर्को देउसी नाच । मारुनी र देउसी सभ्यता मगर जातिबाट विकास भएको हो । मारुनी नाचको विकास मगर जातिले गरे पनि यसको सुरुवात कुमाल र माझीहरुबाट भएको थियो ।

देउसीको सुरुवात कसरी भयो त ?

देउसी भन्दा अघि मारुनी नाचबारे केही बुझ्नु पर्छ । गण्डक सभ्यताबाट सुरु भएको मारुनी नाच पछि पूर्बी नेपालमा फैलिंदै गयो ।

पूर्बी नेपालमा भएका अरु संस्कृति समेटेर मगरहरुले मारुनी नाचलाई सोरठी नाचमा मर्ज गरे । पूर्बीय सभ्यतामा यसले निरन्तरता पायो ।

दार्जिलिङ र सिक्किमको बीचबाट बग्ने रंगीत नाम गरेको एउटा नदि छ । त्यो नदिको पश्चिमदेखि र अरुण नदिको पूर्वसम्म लिम्बु जातिको घना बस्ती थियो ।जुन क्षेत्रलाई लिम्बुवान क्षेत्र भनिन्छ ।

त्यस क्षेत्रमा परापूर्वकालमा बलिहाङ नाम गरेका राजा थिए । जसका विश्वास पात्र सेना सबै मगर थिए । ती राजा एकदमै धर्मात्मा थिए । उनी धेरै समय पूजापाठमा विताउँथे । राजकाज भन्दा बढी उनी ध्यान र तपस्यामा हुन्थे ।

हिन्दु धर्म होइन, दर्शन र सभ्यता हो । जसलाई हिन्दु धर्म भनिंदै आएको छ त्यो सनातन धर्म हो । भैलेनी पूर्वीय सभ्यताको एउटा अंश हो ।

बलिहाङ राजा ध्यानमा रहेका बेला छिमेकी देशका सेनाले लिम्बुवानमाथि आक्रमण गर्यो । मगर सेनाले त्यो आक्रमणलाई पराजीत गरे ।

तर यो कुरा बलिहाङलाई थाहा थिएन शत्रुका सेना मारेपछि मगर सेना ‘देउसुरे फाइलो, देउसुरे फाइलो’ भन्दै खुसीले कराउन थाले ।

त्यसबेलाको स्थानीय भाषामा देउसुरेको अर्थ “हामीले” हुन्छ र फाइलोको अर्थ “बचायौं” हुन्छ । उनीहरु यसरी कराउँदै आएपछि बलिहाङ राजाले सोधे– के भएको हो ? सेनाले राजालाई सबै घटना सुनाए ।

राजा यो कुराले झनै खुसी भए र भने– यो सन्देश अब देशैभरी फैलाउ, जहाँसम्म पुग्छौ त्यहाँसम्म “देउसुरे फाइलो” सुनाउँदै हिंड । बलिहाङ राजाले आदेश दिएपछि मगर सेना घरघरै देउसुरे फाइलो भन्दै हिंड्न थाले ।

देउसी भट्याउँदा नछुटाइकन बलि राजाले पठाए भनिन्छ । बलि राजा भनेका तिनै बलिहाङ राजा हुन् । ‘हामी त्यसै आएका होइनौ, बलिमा राजाको हुकुमै हुँदा’ भन्ने चलन अझै छ । त्यसबेला बलिहाङ राजाको आदेशले चलाएको चलन हरेक वर्ष त्यही समयमा अपनाउन थालियो । त्यही संस्कृति पूर्वबाट पश्चिमसम्म पुग्यो ।

………………………………..

Another story of Deusurey

Writes: Bal Krishna

Deusurey story is very interesting, and if we look into our folklore, we find that Bali Maharaj is very popular in almost all the indigenous communities and not just among the mountain communities of India and Nepal, but also among the indigenous communities across India…

My grandmother used to tell me that King Bali was a mighty Kirat king, who was much adored and loved by all his citizens… he was the most generous and kind King to his citizens… but due to a misunderstanding king, Bali had been defeated by Lord Vishnu, who banished him from his Kingdom… However, King Bali would find a way to visit his people once a year…

Thus, those loyal to King Bali would go from door to door, telling the people the date on which the King would visit their village…

………………………………

Whatever be the story of the origin of Deusurey, its a beautiful way of creating a bond in the community, among our people… let us all strive to keep this unique tradition of ours alive.

HAPPY TIHAR EVERYONE !!

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