Police Complaints for Asserting a Constitutional Provision in North Bengal Doesn’t Bode Well for Democracy

John Barla

Of late, we have all read multiple reports of Police Complaints being filed against those politicians who have raised the demand for the establishment of a Union Territory comprising of North Bengal districts.

According to local media reports, police complaints have been filed by TMC functionaries against Alipurduar MP John Barla, Jalpaiguri MP Jayanta Roy, Dabgram-Fulbari MLA Sikha Chatterjee. The absurd, turned to bizarre Yesterday when a group of Congress leaders led by WB Congress Working President and former Matigara-Naxalbari MLA Shankar Malakar filed another FIR against all the three leaders mentioned above, and for good measure they have added the name of Darjeeling MLA Neeraj Zimba too, alleging that “he has demanded formation of Gorkhaland state in the hills.”

For the longest time, we have all felt the shrinking of democratic space in West Bengal, but this new degree of intolerance and using administrative forces to bully anyone even making a passing mention of a constitutional provision doesn’t bode well for the people living here.

Constitutional Provision

May be those filing FIRs are now aware but Article 3 of the Indian Constitution, which makes provisions for the formation of a new State or Union Territory (UT).

Article 3 reads, 

“Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States: Parliament may by law

(a) form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State;

(b) increase the area of any State;

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(c) diminish the area of any State;

(d) alter the boundaries of any State;

(e) alter the name of any State; Provided that no Bill for the purpose shall be introduced in either House of Parliament except on the recommendation of the President and unless, where the proposal contained in the Bill affects the area, boundaries or name of any of the States, the Bill has been referred by the President to the Legislature of that State for expressing its views thereon within such period as may be specified in the reference or within such further period as the President may allow and the period so specified or allowed has expired Explanation I In this article, in clauses (a) to (e), State includes a Union territory, but in the proviso, State does not include a Union territory Explanation II The power conferred on Parliament by clause (a) includes the power to form a new State or Union territory by uniting a part of any State or Union territory to any other State or Union territory”

Since the formation of a new state or UT is enshrined in the constitution, so why is voicing the demand for the same being deemed as a criminal offence?

Police complaints against BJP

Congress Hypocrisy

What is absolutely absurd is Congress functionaries joining the jamboree of filing FIR against the demand for a new state or Union Territory. Perhaps they forget that it was the Congress-led UPA government in the centre that formed Telangana state. Such was their passion for creating a new state that they shut down Lok Sabha TV from broadcasting the proceedings of the house, which reportedly saw Andhra Pradesh MPs being gaged and dragged out of the Parliament when they voiced against Telangana statehood.

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Keeping the merits of the Gorkhaland state or a Union Territory for North Bengal apart for now, what is absurd, yet sinister is the filing of police complaints against anyone and everyone who feel that a separate administrative unit is preferable for the North.

Police complaints against BJP for demanding North Bengal state

Fear Factor

After the 2017 Gorkhaland Andolan, the hills have witnessed largescale violence perpetrated by those in power, against those who supported a separate Gorkhaland state. Thousands of cases have been filed against individuals, mostly aimed at harassing them and bullying them into submission.

For instance, the leaders of Gorkha Janmukti Morcha – Bimal Gurung and others were labeled as “terrorists” by the TMC government, and cases were filed against them under the dreaded UAPA, forcing them to go underground. However, once Bimal and company gave up their demand for Gorkhaland statehood, they have not only been allowed to return home but the majority of the charges against them have been dropped. But in the interim, family members of many Gorkhaland supporters suffered. Their homes sealed, aging parents harassed and there was this general sense of fear prevalent among the people, as one never knew who would get picked up next.

Perhaps in filing FIR (police complaints) against these politicians, those in power – like the TMC supporters are seeking to consolidate their political space by forcing everyone to shut up, and those and those who have been rendered powerless – like in the case of Congress, are seeking to create a semblance of political space for themselves for the upcoming local civic body and panchayat polls. But in doing so, they are creating an untenable situation, which goes against the very essence of our Constitution and against the Fundamental Rights enshrined therein.

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Can we hope for courts to take Suo moto cognizance against this subversion of law and put an end to this theatre of absurd?

About the Author

Upendra M Pradhan
Upendra is a political analyst based in Darjeeling. He writes columns for national dailies and is the Editor-at-Large here at The Darjeeling Chronicle

1 Comment on "Police Complaints for Asserting a Constitutional Provision in North Bengal Doesn’t Bode Well for Democracy"

  1. नेताहरुलाई केस ठोकेर साधारण जनताको मनोबल तोड्ने अभिप्राय हो शासकवर्गको भने मालाकार पनि सत्ताकै प्रिय पात्र बनिन चाहेको हो।

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